Cats need a high protein and low carbohydrate diet. A diet with the necessary amino acids, fiber, carbohydrates and fatty acids can help maintain or improve cats’ energy levels, digestive systems and overall appearance and health.
Since they have very complicated nutritional requirements, most home cooked diets are insufficient to meet the needs of stray cats.
On the flip side, if they get only kibble, they are likely getting less nutrition than other cats receiving wet or home cooked food. A lot of dry foods that are low in quality or inexpensive, contain a lot of fillers. These fillers contribute to 35 - 50% carbohydrate calories. Some of the cheaper dry foods contain even higher levels. In the wild, carbohydrates are only about 5% of a cat’s diet which it gets from ingesting the stomach contents of its prey.
Prey consumed by wild cats is about 70% water on an average. Canned foods average 78%, and dry food averages 10%. So another problem with dry food diets is that cats on them usually don’t get enough water. They can become chronically dehydrated or even get diseases like Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) and urinary crystals.
Those nutritious and balanced meals for your neighbourhood fur purrs can be expensive and difficult to prepare. Here’s a list of affordable meals you can feed them cute kittehs who of course, own the streets and ‘don’t need you at all’.
1. Boiled Fish
Fish should only form a fraction of cats’ diet. Fish are not a part of their natural diet. With the rare exceptions of some wild cat species, most do not eat fish in the wild, and neither did their evolutionary ancestors. However you can incorporate boiled fish into your strays’ diets occasionally. Before serving, fish bones should be removed as they may damage the cat’s throat or gastrointestinal tract. Apart from this, canned tuna can be given but in small portions. You can also make a meal out of rice and boiled fish.
A cat is what is known as an obligate carnivore in its regular habitat. This means that felines’ nutritional needs are met by animal-based proteins rich diet (i.e. mice, birds). In this way, unlike humans, cats don’t derive much nourishment from vegetables. Be that as it may, some cats do enjoy munching on plants every once in a while to get roughage or fiber. If your street cats display this craving, you can serve up little portions of pounded veggies like baked carrots, steamed asparagus or broccoli, green beans, winter squash, or chopped greens. Keep away from indigestible vegetables like uncooked carrots.
Lentils are a good source of protein. They accomodate valuable nutrients for cats (iron, magnesium, vitamin B-6), so intermittently feeding strays a small amount can be advantageous for their wellbeing.
Chicken liver has iron, copper and magnesium, vital components of a feline diet. Also, most cats cherish liver. You can add boiled liver, after grinding or grating it, into the mixture. A lot of liver, however, can be deleterious for cats, so make sure to feed any cat this recipe in moderation.
Mashed, baked, or boiled potato meals are perfectly safe for your furry friends to eat. Some cat foods even contain potato ingredients. Cooked potatoes are safe because the toxins are destroyed during the cooking process. Mashing these with rice and a small amount of boiled chicken makes for an affordable, easy-to-digest meal for any stray cat.
If you're interested in feeding a stray cat dairy, give it a very small amount at first to see how its digestive system handles it. It might be able to safely handle small portions of yogurt, cottage cheese, and even sour cream. You can also try giving your furry strays low-lactose varieties of cheese and milk.
Cats can eat plain lactose-free yogurt, which has probiotics that are good for them. Dairy products have some nutritional value and will keep a cat in need from starving, unless the cat is lactose intolerant. However, alone these products don’t provide a complete balanced diet.
6. Boiled chicken
Many cats savor the smell and taste of cooked chicken. Little measures of boiled chicken make a wonderful cat treat or meal supplement. Cats ought not eat bone-in chicken, since bones can splinter and pose a peril for cats. The chicken should not be seasoned or peppered with salt, garlic, or onions and if the bones are removed, a cat can safely relish the occasional boiled chicken goodie.
The occasional chicken broth along with rice can be provided to furr babies on the road, so long as it does not contain anything else. Commercial chicken broth is out of the question for cats, as it routinely contains onions, garlic, sodium, or other ingredients which could be virulent for cats to ingest. However, basic chicken broth is rich in calcium and phosphorus and quite beneficial for bones and teeth. You can opt to make it in a super-sized batch and then freeze it for later, but you can also make it fresh and give it to the cats instantly.
8. Pumpkin, oats mash
Plain pumpkin is a decent source of fiber. In fact, several veterinarians turn to pumpkin as a solution for constipation in feline patients because pumpkin's fiber can act as a laxative. The mix of fiber and moisture can be incredibly beneficial in creating bulk that restores bowel movements.
You can feed cats cleaned and roasted pumpkin seeds. Do not add any salt or spices. The shelf life for dry, roasted pumpkin seeds is less than a month.
Another way is to mash pressure-cooked pumpkin and add that to boiled oats. Add 5 - 6 capsules of taurine powder, calcium (make sure the calcium supplements that you buy is for cats and not for dogs) and vitamin E to the mixture. If you don’t have access to these, you can mix a little multivitamin paste containing taurine to the cats’ meals each time before serving it. You can store this mixture in the freezer and serve your neighbour kittehs with it each day.
9. Save the best for last - eggs!
Eggs are awesome for people and cats because they're rich in protein. In fact, numerous books that promote natural feline eating methodologies emphatically encourage owners to give their cats eggs. After all, in the wild, cats would raid bird nests. Most vets concur that cooked eggs, such as scrambled or hard-boiled, make a great, nutritious treat for a cat.
Got a street dog you want to feed? Read about it here!
Note: This article was collected from various sources and does not claim to be medically sound. Please consult a vet for a professional opinion.